The Journey of Recyclable Materials: From Your Bin to New Products

The Journey of Recyclable Materials: From Your Bin to New Products

The journey of recyclable materials is a fascinating and complex process that involves multiple stages and various players. This crucial process ensures that we extract the maximum value from our resources, reduce the strain on our landfills, and contribute to a more sustainable environment. In this blog post, we’ll delve into the path these materials take from your bin to becoming new products.

The Glass Recycling Process

Glass is 100% recyclable and can be endlessly recycled without any loss in purity or quality. This process begins with your household glass waste. Glass bottles and jars are collected from homes, businesses, and glass collection points. After collection, the glass waste is transported to a treatment plant.

At the treatment plant, any non-glass materials are removed. The glass is then crushed into tiny pieces known as cullet. The cullet is melted in a furnace at a temperature of approximately 1500°C. The molten glass is then moulded into new glass products. This process reduces the demand for raw materials, reduces energy usage, and reduces the volume of waste sent to landfill.

The Paper Recycling Process

Paper recycling starts with us collecting it from recycling bins and taking it to recycling centres. There, it is sorted and separated into types and grades. The separated paper is then washed with soapy water to remove inks, plastic film, staples and glue. This mixture is then put into a large holder where it is mixed with water to create ‘slurry’.

By adding different materials to the slurry, different paper products can be created, such as cardboard, newsprints or office paper. The slurry is then spread using large rollers into large thin sheets. The paper is left to dry, and then it is rolled up ready to be cut and sent back to the shops.

The Journey of Recycled Metal

Metal recycling is a bit more complex due to the wide range of metals – from soda cans to car bodies. The process begins with the collection of metal waste from various sources. It is then sorted into ferrous (containing iron) and non-ferrous metals.

The sorted metal waste is then shredded to aid in the melting process. Shredding the metals into smaller parts allows for a more energy-efficient and faster melting process. The shredded metal is then melted in a large furnace. Each metal type has a specially designed furnace depending on its properties.

Once melted, the metal is purified and then solidified before being transported for production of new products. This process not only conserves natural resources but also requires less energy compared to producing new metals from raw materials.

The Life Cycle of Recycled Plastic

Plastic recycling is a complex process due to the many different types of plastics. The journey begins with collection. The collected plastic waste is then sorted according to its plastic type. Once sorted, the plastic is cleaned and shredded into small flakes.

These flakes are then melted and reformed into pellets. These pellets, also known as nurdles, can be used to make new plastic products. It’s important to note that not all plastics are recyclable, which is why reducing and reusing plastic is equally as important as recycling.

The End of the Journey

At the end of their journey, these recycled materials emerge as new products, ready to be used, consumed, and eventually recycled again. It’s a circular process that, if properly followed, can lead to significant environmental benefits. It reduces the strain on our natural resources, saves energy, and decreases pollution.

However, recycling is only one part of the waste management hierarchy, which prioritises waste prevention, followed by reusing, recycling, recovery, and, as the last resort, disposal. While we continue to improve our recycling efforts, let’s not forget the importance of reducing and reusing where we can.

Step 1: Collection and Transportation

The journey of recyclable materials begins in our homes, offices, or public spaces, where we sort our waste into different bins based on material type: paper, plastic, glass, and metal. Once collected, waste management companies like NCM Recycling and Waste Solutions transport these sorted materials to a recycling facility. Here at NCM, we prioritize efficiency and sustainability in our operations, using fuel-efficient vehicles to reduce our carbon footprint during this stage.

Step 2: Sorting and Cleaning

At the recycling facility, the collected materials undergo further sorting and cleaning. Advanced machinery and manual labour help to separate materials based on their physical properties like weight and magnetism. For example, magnets are used to extract iron and steel, while eddy currents can separate non-ferrous metals like aluminium and copper.

Then, the sorted materials are cleaned to remove any contaminants such as food residue or non-recyclable materials. It’s essential to clean recyclable materials thoroughly as contamination can disrupt the recycling process and lower the quality of the recycled product.

Step 3: Shredding and Pulping

Once cleaned, the materials are prepared for recycling. Paper and cardboard materials are soaked in water to create a pulp. This pulp is then screened to remove any staples, glue, or plastic film. Metals and plastics are shredded into smaller pieces to increase their surface area, making it easier to process them in the next stage.

Step 4: Processing and Transformation

The prepared materials then undergo a transformation process. The paper pulp is heated and broken down further into fibres. These fibres are then whitened and mixed with new pulp to strengthen them. Once the mixture is ready, it’s drained, pressed, and rolled into sheets of paper.

For plastics, the shredded pieces are melted and often extruded into the form of pellets, which manufacturers can then mould into new plastic products. Metals are also melted down and poured into moulds to form ingots, which are then rolled into sheets or other forms suitable for manufacturing.

Step 5: Manufacturing New Products

The recycled materials are then transported to manufacturers who turn them into new products. Recycled paper can become newspaper, cardboard, or even toilet paper. Recycled plastic can be transformed into clothing, furniture, or new plastic bottles. Metals can be used to make new cans, car parts, or appliances.

Step 6: Back on the Shelves

The new products made from recycled materials are then packaged and distributed to retailers, ready to be purchased and used by consumers. This is the final stage in the journey of recyclable materials, where they find a new life in a new product.

The journey of recyclable materials is a testament to human ingenuity and our ability to create sustainable solutions. It’s a complex process, but every step is crucial in our fight against waste and our mission to create a sustainable future.

However, the effectiveness of this process relies heavily on the proper disposal and sorting of waste at the source. As consumers, we all have a vital role to play in ensuring that our waste ends up in the right place. By sorting our waste correctly and reducing contamination, we can improve the efficiency of the recycling process and the quality of recycled products.

At NCM Recycling and Waste Solutions, we’re proud to be part of this essential journey. We’re committed to providing effective and efficient waste management solutions and educating our customers about the importance of proper waste disposal and recycling practices.

The Role of NCM Recycling and Waste Solutions

Here at NCM, we take our role in the journey of recyclable materials seriously. We handle the first, crucial step of the process – the collection and transportation of recyclable materials. By implementing best practices and utilising advanced technologies, we ensure that the materials we collect are ready for the next stages in their recycling journey.

We also take a proactive approach in educating our customers about recycling. We believe that the more people understand about what happens to their waste once it leaves their bins, the more likely they are to recycle responsibly.

Beyond the Basics: The Future of Recycling

While the journey of recyclable materials is an effective way to manage waste, there are always ways to improve and innovate. New technologies and methods are continually being developed to make the recycling process more efficient and to increase the types of materials that can be recycled.

One such innovation is the development of advanced sorting technologies. These machines use artificial intelligence and machine learning to recognise and sort different types of materials, improving the efficiency and accuracy of the sorting process.

Another exciting development is the concept of a circular economy, where waste is minimised, and resources are kept in use for as long as possible. This approach goes beyond traditional recycling, emphasising the importance of reducing and reusing in addition to recycling.


The journey of recyclable materials is a long and complex one, but it’s essential for our environment and our future. It allows us to get the most out of our resources, reduces the strain on our landfills, and contributes to a more sustainable world.

At NCM Recycling and Waste Solutions, we’re proud to be a part of this journey. We’re committed to providing efficient waste management solutions, promoting recycling, and supporting our customers in their efforts to recycle more and waste less.

As we look to the future, we’re excited about the possibilities for further innovation and improvement in the recycling industry. We believe that by working together, we can make a significant difference in our world. So, the next time you put your recyclables in the bin, remember the journey they’ll take and the new life they’ll lead. It’s a journey worth making.

Further Reading

Understanding recycling symbols – Recycling symbols appear on lots of everyday items and help us to identify how different types of packaging can be recycled.

The Aluminium Can Advantage – Key Sustainability Performance Indicators for the Aluminium Can

The life cycle of newspapers – The lifecycle of recycled paper can be repeated 4 to 5 times before the cellulose fibres that form a sheet of paper become too short for paper-making.

Uncategorized Waste Solutions

The Benefits of Composting at Home and How to Get Started

The Benefits of Composting at Home and How to Get Started


As the need for sustainable waste management solutions continues to grow, composting at home is gaining popularity as an environmentally friendly and cost-effective way to reduce household waste. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore the benefits of composting, provide a step-by-step guide on setting up your own home composting system, and discuss how NCM Recycling and Waste Solutions supports eco-friendly waste management practices, including the responsible disposal of organic waste.

Why Compost at Home?

Composting is a natural process that transforms organic waste into nutrient-rich soil. By composting at home, you can help reduce the amount of waste sent to landfills, lower your carbon footprint, and create a valuable resource for your garden. Here are some key benefits of composting at home:

Waste Reduction

Approximately 30% of household waste is organic, and composting this material at home can significantly reduce the amount of waste you send to landfills. By diverting organic waste from landfills, you can help conserve space and reduce the production of harmful greenhouse gases, such as methane.

Soil Enrichment

Compost is an excellent soil amendment, improving soil structure, drainage, and fertility. It provides essential nutrients, such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, that plants need to grow and thrive. Adding compost to your garden can help improve plant health, increase crop yields, and reduce the need for synthetic fertilizers.

Water Conservation

Compost can help improve soil’s water retention capabilities, which means less frequent watering is necessary for your plants. By reducing the need for watering, you can conserve water resources and save money on your water bill.

Cost Savings

Composting at home can save you money on waste disposal fees and garden supplies. By creating your own compost, you can reduce the need for commercial soil amendments, fertilizers, and even pesticides, as healthy soil naturally deters pests and diseases.

Setting Up Your Home Composting System

Starting your own composting system at home is easier than you might think. Follow these simple steps to get started:

Choose a Composting Method

There are several composting methods to choose from, depending on your space, budget, and personal preferences. Some popular methods include:

  1. Outdoor compost bins or piles: This traditional method involves layering organic waste in a bin or pile in your garden or backyard. These systems require some space and regular turning to aerate the compost.
  2. Worm bins (vermicomposting): Worm bins use red wiggler worms to break down organic waste. This method is suitable for small spaces, such as apartments or balconies, and requires less maintenance than outdoor composting systems.
  3. Bokashi: Bokashi is a Japanese composting method that uses anaerobic fermentation to break down organic waste. This method is ideal for those with limited outdoor space and can handle a wider range of organic materials, including meat and dairy products.

Select a Location

Choose a convenient and suitable location for your composting system. Outdoor compost bins or piles should be placed on level ground in a well-draining area, ideally near your garden for easy access. Worm bins and Bokashi systems can be set up indoors or outdoors, depending on your space and climate.

Add Organic Materials

Start adding organic waste to your composting system. Aim for a balance of ‘green’ materials (rich in nitrogen), such as fruit and vegetable scraps, grass clippings, and coffee grounds, and ‘brown’ materials (rich in carbon), such as leaves, straw, and cardboard. Avoid adding meat, dairy products, and oily foods to traditional compost bins, as these can attract pests and create unpleasant odours. Worm bins and Bokashi systems can handle a wider range of materials but always follow the manufacturer’s guidelines.

Maintain Your Compost

Proper maintenance is essential for successful composting. Here are some tips to ensure your compost stays healthy and breaks down efficiently:

  1. Turn the compost regularly: Turning your compost helps aerate the pile and speeds up decomposition. Use a garden fork or compost aerator to mix the materials every 1-2 weeks.
  2. Monitor moisture levels: Compost should be damp, like a wrung-out sponge. If it’s too dry, add water or more green materials; if it’s too wet, add more brown materials or turn the pile to improve aeration.
  3. Keep an eye on the temperature: A well-maintained compost pile will generate heat as organic materials break down. Regular turning and maintaining a good balance of green and brown materials will help maintain optimal temperatures for decomposition.

Harvest Your Compost

When your compost is dark, crumbly, and has an earthy smell, it’s ready to use. Depending on the composting method and conditions, this can take anywhere from a few months to over a year. Use your finished compost as a soil amendment, mulch, or a natural fertilizer in your garden.

How NCM Recycling and Waste Solutions Supports Eco-Friendly Waste Management

At NCM Recycling and Waste Solutions, we understand the importance of sustainable waste management practices, including the responsible disposal of organic waste. We are committed to promoting eco-friendly waste management solutions through our services and educational initiatives.

  1. Responsible waste disposal: We work with clients to develop customized waste management plans that prioritize recycling and composting, ensuring that organic waste is processed responsibly and does not end up in landfills.
  2. Education and outreach: We provide educational resources, workshops, and support to help our clients and the wider community adopt more sustainable waste management practices, such as composting at home.
  3. Partnerships and collaborations: We actively collaborate with industry partners, local authorities, and community organizations to promote and support sustainable waste management initiatives and practices.

Additional Tips for Successful Composting

To further enhance your composting experience and make the most of your home composting system, consider these additional tips:

Chop or Shred Materials

Breaking down larger materials into smaller pieces can help speed up the composting process by increasing the surface area available for decomposition. Chop fruit and vegetable scraps into smaller chunks and shred leaves, cardboard, or paper before adding them to your compost.

Layer Materials

Create alternating layers of green and brown materials in your compost bin or pile to maintain a balanced ratio of carbon and nitrogen. This will help ensure proper decomposition and prevent unpleasant odours. It is also a good idea to cover any fresh green materials with a layer of brown materials to minimize the risk of attracting pests.

Add Compost Activators

Compost activators are products that can help jump-start the decomposition process by introducing beneficial microorganisms into your compost. While not strictly necessary, they can be helpful in speeding up the composting process, particularly when starting a new pile. You can purchase commercial compost activators or use homemade alternatives, such as well-rotted manure, garden soil, or finished compost.

Monitor pH Levels

A balanced pH is essential for successful composting, as it allows beneficial microorganisms to thrive and break down organic materials efficiently. The ideal pH for compost is between 6 and 8. If you notice that your compost is not breaking down as expected, consider testing the pH with a soil testing kit and adjusting as necessary. Adding lime or wood ash can help raise the pH, while adding acidic materials like coffee grounds or pine needles can help lower it.

Troubleshoot Common Issues

Like any natural process, composting can sometimes encounter issues that need to be addressed. Here are some common problems and their solutions:

  1. Slow decomposition: If your compost is not breaking down as quickly as you’d like, try turning the pile more frequently, maintaining proper moisture levels, or adding more green materials to boost nitrogen levels.
  2. Unpleasant odours: Bad smells can indicate an imbalance in your compost. Make sure you are maintaining a proper green to brown ratio, turning the pile regularly, and avoiding the addition of inappropriate materials.
  3. Pests: To discourage pests like rodents and insects, avoid adding meat, dairy, and oily foods to your compost, cover fresh green materials with brown materials, and consider using a compost bin with a secure lid or a pest-resistant design.

By following these tips and best practices, you can ensure that your home composting system is both efficient and enjoyable. Embrace the benefits of composting and join NCM Recycling and Waste Solutions in our shared commitment to creating a cleaner, more sustainable world for future generations.

Some Products to Get You Started

  1. Kitchen Compost Bin: A small, stylish countertop compost bin can make it easy to collect kitchen scraps like vegetable peels, coffee grounds, and eggshells.
  2. Tumbling Composter: A tumbling composter is a great option for efficient and easy composting. It keeps the compost aerated, promoting faster decomposition. Example:
  3. Compost Thermometer: To monitor the temperature inside the compost pile and ensure optimal decomposition, a compost thermometer is a useful tool.
  4. Worm Factory 360 Worm Composting Bin: For those interested in vermicomposting, this worm composting bin is a perfect choice. It allows worms to turn kitchen scraps into nutrient-rich compost.
  5. Compost Starter: To kick-start the composting process, a compost starter can be added to the pile, introducing beneficial microorganisms.
  6. Compostable Bags: For easy handling and transportation of kitchen scraps to the compost pile, compostable bags are a practical and eco-friendly solution.


Composting at home is a simple and effective way to reduce household waste, improve soil health, and contribute to a more sustainable environment. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can set up your own composting system and start reaping the benefits of this eco-friendly practice. As a partner in sustainable waste management, NCM Recycling and Waste Solutions is committed to promoting responsible waste disposal and supporting our clients and communities in their journey towards a greener future.

Waste Solutions

Reducing Plastic Waste: Simple Changes for a Big Impact

Reducing Plastic Waste: Simple Changes for a Big Impact


Plastic waste has become one of the most pressing environmental issues of our time. With millions of tonnes of plastic waste entering our oceans and landfills every year, it’s crucial that we take action to reduce our plastic consumption and lessen its impact on the environment. In this blog post, we’ll explore some simple yet effective changes you can make in your daily life to reduce plastic waste, from using reusable containers and bags to avoiding single-use plastics and supporting businesses that prioritize eco-friendly packaging.

Understanding the Problem of Plastic Waste

The Scale of Plastic Pollution

Each year, approximately 8 million tonnes of plastic waste ends up in our oceans, causing harm to marine life and ecosystems. Additionally, plastic waste in landfills can take hundreds of years to decompose, releasing harmful chemicals and microplastics into the environment in the process. As plastic production and consumption continue to rise, it’s

essential that we address the issue of plastic waste and work towards more sustainable practices.

The Environmental Impact of Plastic Waste

The environmental impact of plastic waste is far-reaching and includes:

  • Marine pollution: Plastic waste poses a significant threat to marine life, as animals can become entangled in larger plastic items or ingest smaller plastic particles, leading to injury or death.
  • Microplastics: As plastic debris breaks down into smaller particles, it creates microplastics, which can be ingested by marine life and eventually make their way up the food chain, posing a potential risk to human health.
  • Greenhouse gas emissions: The production and incineration of plastic contribute to greenhouse gas emissions, exacerbating climate change.
  • Resource depletion: The production of plastic requires the use of non-renewable resources, such as fossil fuels, which are finite and contribute to environmental degradation.

Strategies for Reducing Plastic Waste

Embrace Reusable Containers and Bags

One of the easiest ways to reduce plastic waste is by using reusable containers and bags for your everyday needs. For instance:

  • Bring reusable shopping bags: Keep a set of reusable shopping bags in your car or bag, so you always have them on hand when you go shopping.
  • Use reusable water bottles: Invest in a high-quality reusable water bottle and refill it throughout the day instead of purchasing single-use plastic bottles.
  • Pack meals in reusable containers: Rather than using plastic wrap or disposable containers, pack your meals in reusable containers made of stainless steel, glass, or silicone.
  • Choose reusable coffee cups: Bring your own reusable coffee cup to your favourite café or opt for a ceramic mug when you’re dining in.

By making these simple swaps, you can significantly reduce your consumption of single-use plastics and decrease the amount of plastic waste you generate.

Avoid Single-Use Plastics

Single-use plastics, such as straws, cutlery, and food packaging, are among the most significant contributors to plastic pollution. To reduce your plastic footprint, try to avoid single-use plastics whenever possible:

  • Say no to plastic straws: Request your drinks without a straw or bring your own reusable straw made of stainless steel, silicone, or bamboo.
  • Bring your own cutlery: Keep a set of reusable cutlery in your bag or at your workplace, so you’re always prepared for on-the-go meals.
  • Opt for loose produce: When shopping for fruits and vegetables, choose loose items instead of pre-packaged options, and use reusable produce bags or simply place them directly in your shopping basket or trolley.
  • Purchase items in bulk: Buying items in bulk can help reduce packaging waste, especially when you use your own reusable containers or bags to store the products.

By being mindful of your choices and actively avoiding single-use plastics, you can make a significant impact on reducing plastic waste.

Support Eco-Friendly Businesses

As consumers, we have the power to influence businesses by choosing to support those that prioritize eco-friendly practices and sustainable packaging:

  • Shop at local markets and zero-waste shops: Many local markets and zero-waste shops offer package-free or minimally packaged products, making it easier to shop without generating plastic waste.
  • Choose products with eco-friendly packaging: Look for products packaged in recyclable or compostable materials, such as paper, cardboard, or biodegradable plastics.
  • Support businesses that offer container refills: Some businesses, particularly those selling household or personal care products, offer refill stations where you can bring your own containers to be refilled, reducing the need for new packaging.

By voting with your wallet, you can encourage businesses to adopt more sustainable practices and reduce plastic waste.

Properly Dispose of Plastic Waste

While it’s essential to reduce plastic consumption, it’s also crucial to ensure that any plastic waste you do generate is properly disposed of:

  • Recycle plastic items: Familiarise yourself with your local recycling guidelines and make sure to recycle plastic items according to the rules, as recycling practices can vary depending on your location.
  • Participate in local clean-up events: Join community clean-up events or organise your own to help collect and dispose of plastic waste in your local area.
  • Dispose of hazardous plastic waste responsibly: Some plastic items, such as electronic waste or plastic containers that once held hazardous materials, require special disposal methods. Make sure to follow your local guidelines for disposing of these items to prevent environmental contamination.

Proper disposal of plastic waste not only helps keep our environment clean but also increases the chances of plastic items being recycled and repurposed.

The Importance of Education and Raising Awareness

Educate Yourself and Others

Learning about the impacts of plastic waste and the various ways to reduce it is vital in making informed decisions and adopting more sustainable practices. Educate yourself by reading articles, watching documentaries, and attending workshops or seminars on plastic waste reduction. Share your knowledge with friends, family, and colleagues to raise awareness and inspire others to make a change.

Advocate for Change

As individuals, we can make a difference by advocating for change in our communities and supporting policies and regulations that promote waste reduction and recycling:

  • Encourage your local government to implement policies that reduce plastic waste, such as banning single-use plastics or implementing deposit return schemes for beverage containers.
  • Support businesses and organisations that are working to reduce plastic waste and promote sustainable practices.
  • Share your thoughts and ideas on social media, at community meetings, or in local newspapers to raise awareness of the issue and inspire others to take action.

By advocating for change and raising awareness of the issue, we can work together to create a more sustainable future.


Reducing plastic waste is a critical issue that requires immediate action. By making simple changes in our daily lives, we can significantly reduce our plastic consumption and lessen the environmental impact of plastic waste. Embracing reusable containers and bags, avoiding single-use plastics, supporting eco-friendly businesses, properly disposing of plastic waste, and raising awareness are all essential steps towards a more sustainable future. Together, we can make a difference and help protect our

planet for generations to come.